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Bill Downs
Bill Downs is an expert on diet and digestion.
Bill is the author of the Trafon (spell it backwards) blog

Bill has unsurpassed knowledge of how nutrients help the body heal. Involved with nutritional information for over 20 years, Bill has lectured worldwide, is a published author, and has penned a number of papers in cited peer-reviewed scientific journals. A recognized expert in his field , Bill has had over 75 TV , Radio and Newspaper interviews. Bill's five years of post-graduate education in Nutrition Science and Biological Chemistry along with his years of clinical experience as a nutrition consultant have given him great insight into the modern human condition, the needless suffering of people, and a profound appreciation for the body's miraculous capabilities to heal itself when properly supported by nutrition.

In The News

2002
World Health Organization and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations states; probiotics are "live microorganisms which when administered in adequate amounts confer a health benefit on the host".

2006
"In conclusion, probiotics act as an adjuvant in the prevention and treatment of a wide variety of chronic diseases" (from a paper presented by Broekaert and Walker of Harvard Medical School , Mucosal Immunology Laboratory, Massachusetts General Hospital for Children

2006
BBC
Elderly people should take probiotic supplements, according to scientists.


One a Meal

Intestinal Flora
When we normally talk about bacteria, we usually think about pathogens (harmful microorganisms). Thus, for example, we associate bacteria as the initiators of diseases and ailments such as tonsillitis, pneumonia, and salmonella infections of the intestines. Few of us know anything about the useful properties of probiotics (the "good" bacteria).

In the course of the development of the world, a very special symbiosis has been built up between man and the bacteria. This relationship of co-existence for mutual survival is evident in the human intestines which contain some one hundred million million (100,000,000,000,000) microorganisms, made up of more than 1000 different species. In terms of numbers, they outnumber your body's own cells by a factor of more than ten. This point alone makes clear that the great majority of these bacteria live in harmony with man and undertake many important tasks, without the fulfilling of which a human being is not capable of living. This complex ecosystem of bacteria is called intestinal microflora and this symbiotic relationship protects your body against infections, assists digestion, produces nutrients, and plays an important role in the immune system. You are not born with this intestinal bacterial ecosystem in place. It begins to develop after birth and becomes more sophisticated once food is introduced in the diet. Over time, the types and number of bacteria are influenced by several factors, including stress, antibiotics, illness, aging and your diet.
Health in the Balance

A good microfloral balance in the intestines is essential for your health. When the intestinal microflora is in balance, both beneficial ("Good Bacteria" - Probiotics) and harmful ("Bad Bacteria" - Pathogens) microorganisms are present.

A balanced intestinal flora colony has the ability to manufacture vitamins. It also prevents dangerous bacteria, that have been taken into the body with food, from adhering to the intestinal wall and being able to develop their pathogenic (disease causing) properties. Also when the intestinal microfloral balance is high in beneficial microbes, the pH of the intestine tends to shift downward, creating a less desirable environment for pathogenic bacteria and promoting other health benefits. This is the result of an increase in the levels of lactic, butyric and acetic acids produced as the numbers of beneficial bacteria in the intestinal tract increases. The microflora that occupies the lining of the intestinal tract also acts as a physical barrier, partially blocking the passage of pathogenic bacteria and antigenic components of foods. In addition a large number of the bacteria belonging to the healthy intestinal flora play a very important role in building up and maintaining your immune system helping it to resist pathogens. Only when these bacteria are present , is the lymphatic tissue of the intestinal mucous membrane, which forms an important part of the immune system, in a position to carry out its task that is so vital for you, namely that of protecting you from disease. Substances are transported continuously from the intestine into the intracorporal region, where they are combined with cells of the body's own immune system. A well trained immune system is capable of warding off most harmful influences and, in this way, of keeping the human body healthy. In addition the intestinal mucous membrane is provided with nutrition and important vitamins (e.g. vitamin K, vitamin B12) and the functions of the intestine are regulated through the metabolism of the useful bacteria. When the intestinal microflora is out of balance (not enough friendly bacteria), your gastrointestinal tract functions will be affected as well as your overall health. This balance can be disturbed by factors such as:
  • the use of antibiotics (Bourlioux et al, 2003)
  • stress (Virkha et al., 1999; Holdeman etal., 1976)
  • aging (Bertazzoni-Minelli et al., 1993)
  • diet (Fernandez et al.,1985; Roberfroid, 1996; Bourlioux et al., 2003)

    Disturbing the balance creates a risk that the beneficial intestinal bacteria will be suppressed and that the pathogenic ("Bad") bacteria will become dominant.

    Return

    What Are Probiotics?
    The word "probiotic" literally means "good for life". In simplest terms, probiotics are "friendly" bacteria that help keep a healthy balance of bacteria in the intestinal tract, where about 70 percent of the body’s immune system is located. As defined by the World Health Organization and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, probiotics are "live microorganisms which when administered in adequate amounts confer a health benefit on the host".

    The most common probiotic strains consist of lactic acid bacteria, such as Lactobacilli, Lactococci and Bifidobacteria. These bacterium are found in large quantities in the human intestines. (see Intestinal Flora) However, several strains of Streptococci, Enterococci, Pediococci, Bacilli and some yeasts are also regarded as probiotic strains.

    NOTE:   (Each Trafon OneAmeal™ capsule contains 2-3 billion probiotics.)

    Thus when probiotics are consumed in sufficient numbers they provide health benefits that go beyond basic nutrition. Those health benefits consist of improving bodily functions such as regularity, detoxification, immune function and digestion.

    How Do Probiotics Provide Health Benefits?

    The health benefits of probiotics are due, in large part, to the effects of these so-called "friendly" bacteria on different intestinal functions. Daily consumption of probiotic rich foods, such as fresh yogurt and cultured dairy drinks, or quality supplements such as Trafon OneAmeal™ , help maintain the balance of the microflora and are beneficial in several ways. (Gill et al., 2004) There are numerous different types of probiotic cultures. Some types of probiotics help strengthen your body's natural defenses by providing a regular source of "friendly" bacteria for the intestinal tract, some might provide a nutrient-rich source of calcium for people who are lactose-intolerant; and some may help correct an imbalance of good to bad bacteria in the intestinal tract. Potential benefits vary depending on the type , amount and quality of probiotic bacteria consumed.

    The health benefits of probiotics are attracting a great deal of interest from scientists, as is apparent from the report of the World Health Organization and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations , in which the various potential health and nutritional benefits of probiotics were evaluated. This report noted the problems listed below associated with a disturb flora and concluded: "The health benefits for which probiotics can be applied include conditions such as gastrointestinal infections, certain bowel disorders, allergy, and urogenital infections, which afflict a large portion of the world’s population. The application of probiotics to prevent and treat these disorders should be more widely considered by the medical community."

    Problems directly linked with the intestine:
  • Diarrhea
    • Antibiotic associated diarrhea
    • Travelers diarrhea
    • Infantile diarrhea (Rotavirus)
    • Caused by food pathogens
  • Constipation
  • IBS/IBD
  • Helicobacter Pylori infection

    Problems indirectly linked with the intestine:
  • Allergies
  • Cancer
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Yeast vaginitis / Bacterial vaginosis

    How Important is the Viability of the Probiotics?

    Probiotic cultures consumed while they are live and active are able to establish themselves in the digestive tract for short periods of time. But they must remain viable and survive passage through the digestive tract if they are to be beneficial. Some types of probiotic bacteria are quickly destroyed by digestive enzymes in the stomach, while others are able to survive and pass through to the intestinal tract in sufficient numbers. The survival rate of these probiotic bacteria is therefore important for regulating certain intestinal functions.
    Only certain strains of these probiotic bacteria are resistant to the digestive enzymes in the stomach, and are most likely to survive passage to the colon. Research shows that only regular consumption of those probiotics capable of surviving passage to the colon are likely to have a beneficial affect.

    NOTE:   (Trafon OneAmeal™ employs a patent pending proprietary microencapsulation delivery system that ensures the safe , viable passage of the various probiotic strains to their most beneficial point along the digestive tract.)

    What is the history of probiotics?

    Probiotics have been used for centuries as natural components in health-promoting foods. A century ago, the Russian physiologist and Nobel Prize winner Eli Metchnikoff (1845-1916) took note of the fact that Bulgarians, famous for their longevity, were great yogurt eaters. Metchnikoff wondered if there might be a connection was the first to suggest that consuming bacteria could have a beneficial effect on health. Metchnikoff's subsequent research explored two areas: how cultured milk products (such as yogurt and cultured dairy drinks) could modulate the intestinal microflora in the digestive tract, and a possible correlation between life expectancy and cultured milk consumption.

    In 1907, Metchnikoff proposed that the acid-producing organisms in fermented dairy products could prevent what he called "fouling" in the large intestine and, if consumed regularly, lead to a longer, healthier life. This early research formed the basis for the field of probiotics, launching decades of scientific studies all over the world that continue to uncover many potential health benefits of these beneficial microorganisms. These studies continue to back up Metchnikoff's original theory that certain probiotics can improve several intestinal functions leading to a longer, healthier life.

    How Often Should You Consume Probiotics
    To Enjoy Health Benefits?
    Probiotics provide a beneficial action on the intestinal tract by modulating the intestinal microflora or by acting directly on intestinal cells. Though benefits vary depending on the type of probiotic bacteria used and the amount consumed, experts agree that daily consumption of probiotics is most beneficial.

    Probiotics and Intestinal Functions
    Researchers are discovering more about how regular consumption of probiotics can improve intestinal functions such as the integrity of the epithelium barrier, transit time, detoxification, colonic fermentation, immune function and digestion. Among those intestinal functions that are affected, some of the most studied include: Detoxification, Immune Function, Intestinal Transit, Lactose Digestion.

    NOTE:   (Trafon OneAmeal™ recommends regular capsule consumption of One A Meal for maintaining healthy probiotic levels and activity in your gastrointestinal tract. However , this maintenance dosage is suggested ONLY after you have completeed a 30 day restoration period of two capsules per meal plus two capsules at bedtime. The aforementioned restoration period is necessary to get your probiotic levels and activity in balance. In addition , if you are currently displaying symptons of gastrointestinal distress , higher initial dosages during the first 30 days , along with higher maintenace dosages might be required. These higher dosage requirements are proportional to your current level of individual GI distress. You may require the initial higher levels during the first 30 days because your current "good" probiotic levels are too low. Accordingly, you might require higher maintenace period levels to provide enough Trafon OneAmeal™ to facilitate the healing of currently irrated tissues that are the cause of your current GI distress symtoms. (usually takes 18-24 months of "extra" maintenance for your body to heal itself)

    Probiotics Cannot Replace a Healthier Lifestyle
    (A report from the International Workshop on Probiotics 2004)

    "Much of the world’s current chronic disease burden finds its origin in modern lifestyle such as nutrition, environment and stress. Probiotics can diminish the risk of chronic diseases, but everybody knows that good health is better promoted by spiritual harmony, physical exercise and good nutrition. According to Dr. Stig Bengmark, from University College London Medical School, humans are drifting too far away from the situation to which they are genetically conditioned by evolution. We used to eat four to ten times more fibre and our food used to be laden with micro-organisms, of which lactobacilli were probably very important. We have a dual digestive system: the one based on our own enzymes, occurring in the small bowel, and the one based on microbial fermentation in the large bowel. The flora in the colon produce organic acids but they also release antioxidants, growth factors, anticoagulants and produce immunomodulins. In conclusion, we need both prebiotics (fibres, flavonoids etc.) and probiotics, which were in more generous supply in the past when we had a less refined daily diet. So, as Bengmark emphasised. “ Lactobacillus plantarum cannot replace eating plants and vegetables. My attitude is if we eat correctly, we don’t need probiotics.” However, others stated, until suitable probiotic enriched foods are available, supplementation of the diet is the only way to replenish the organisms we excrete each day. "



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    Did You Know?

    You carry around three pounds of bacteria (both "good" and "bad" types) in your intestines every day of your life.?

    There are about 400 different species of bacteria residing in your digestive tract?

    That these bacterium number in the trillions?

    That PROBIOTICS (good bacterium) are an INTREGAL part of your digestive system and are ESSENTIAL for good health?

    That the ratio of good bacteria to bad in a HEALTHY gastrointestinal tract is 85 percent versus 15 percent, respectively?

    People over 60 have about 1,000-fold LESS "friendly" bacteria in their guts compared with other adults

    That your diet, prescription drugs (especially antibiotics), stress, and illnesses, can kill your essential good bacteria?

    That enzymes are present in every cell of your body?

    That enzymes are NECESSARY to your food digestion, energy production, tissue and organ repair, and toxic waste removal?

    That due to a nutrient depleted diet , most Americans lack sufficient types and quanities of CRITICAL to health levels of both enzymes and probiotics?

    That Trafon OneAmeal™ contains the hightest premium quality strains of HEALTH promoting probiotics and enzymes CRITICALLY required by your body?
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